The information-gathering phase of our network pentesting methodology consists of service enumeration, network mapping, banner reconnaissance and more. Host and service discovery efforts results in a compiled list of all accessible systems and their respective services with the goal of obtaining as much information about the systems as possible. Host and service discovery includes initial domain foot printing, live host detection, service enumeration and operating system and application fingerprinting. The purpose of this step is to collectively map the in- scope environment and prepare for threat identification.
With the information collected from the previous step, security testing transitions to identifying vulnerabilities within systems. This begins with automated scans initially but quickly develops into deep- dive manual testing techniques. During the threat-modeling step, assets are identified and categorized into threat categories. These may involve: sensitive documents, trade secrets, financial information but more commonly consist of technical information found during the previous phase.
The vulnerability analysis phase involves the documenting and analysis of vulnerabilities discovered as a result of the previous network pen testing steps. This includes the analysis of out from the various security tools and manual testing techniques. At this point, a list of attractive vulnerabilities, suspicious services and items worth researching further has been created and weighted for further analysis. In essence, the plan of attack is developed here.
Unlike a vulnerability assessment, a network penetration test takes such a test quite a bit further specifically by way of exploitation. Exploitation involves actually carrying out the vulnerability’s exploit (i.e.: buffer overflow) in an effort to be certain if the vulnerability is truly exploitable. During Aimbot’s Security network penetration test, this phase consists of employing heavy manual testing tactics and is often quite time-intensive. Exploitation may include, but is not limited to: buffer overflow, SQL injection, OS commanding and more.
The reporting step is intended to deliver, rank and prioritize findings and generate a clear and actionable report, complete with evidence, to the project stakeholders. The presentation of findings can occur via WebEx or in-person – whichever format is most conducive for communicating results. At Aimbot’s Security, we consider this phase to be the most important and we take great care to ensure we’ve communicated the value of our service and findings thoroughly.